Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 53 00 E
Area: Total 1,648,195 sq km
Country ranking (in terms of size): 18
Land: 1,531,595 sq km
Water: 116,600 sq km
Land Boundaries: 5,440km
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan.
Mostly arid or semi-arid; sup-tropical along the Caspian coastline.
Rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts and mountains; small, discontinuous plains sit along both coasts.
Lowest point: Caspian Sea -28m
Highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671m
Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur.