Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 48 00 E
Area: 527,968 sq km
Country ranking (in terms of size): 50
Land: 527,968 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Land Boundaries: 1,746km
Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
Mostly desert; hot and humid along West coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in East.
Narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; desert plains in centre.
Lowest point: Arabian Sea 0m
Highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu’ayb 336m
Petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in the West.