Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 30 00 E
Area: 1,861,484sq km
Country ranking (in terms of size): 16
Land boundaries: 6,751km
North Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea.
Hot and dry, arid desert, rainy season varies by region (April to November).
Generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the North.
Lowest point: Red Sea 0m
Highest point: Jabal Marrah 3,071m
Petroleum, small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold and hydropower.